Since many years, Africa is the center of some of the biggest infrastructure projects in the world.
Its soil, which is rich in minerals and raw material, has made it a land of lust for developing countries. These, with China taking the largest part, negotiate large concessions in return for the funding and the implementation of infrastructure projects in Africa countries.
Those necessary projects for the development of the continent suffers sometime of controversy (such as the now famous ghost city built in Angola). However, they are part of the dynamics of socio-economic and political development of the continent. Their implementation will place Africa at a good level in the world stage.
1. Trans-Saharan Gas Pipeline
This proposed “Trans-Saharan Gas Pipeline” (TSGP) is part of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), launched in 2001 by the African Union. A 4,300 km pipeline should transport annually between 20 and 30 billion cubic meters of natural gas from Africa to European markets. It will, via Niger and Algeria’s desert, the Nigerian gas resources to the Algerian ports.
2. The high-speed train network in Nigeria
The high-speed train network in Nigeria (3,218 km) is funded by China’s Export Import Bank. It will connect Lagos, Kano, Kaduna, Warri, Bauchi, Abuja and Port Harcourt to stimulate economic activity in those regions. An agreement signed with the Nigerian government allows China Railway Construction Corporation (CRCC) to achieve this rail line on the basis of a USD 11.97 billion contract. It will engage 200,000 persons, and once operational, the project will employ 30,000 employees.
3. Development of the Bourgreg valley in Morocco
Regeneration project and urban development on 6,000 hectares. The development of the Bouregreg Valley aims to rehabilitate and promote the banks of the Bouregreg River. This is a development project based on new urban spaces in harmony with the history and the site environment, building public transport works and the establishment of various hydraulic and port development. It will be funded with USD 1 billion from sovereign funds and international financial institutions.
4. The Bridge Jinja in Uganda
The river is a cornerstone for the trade of this landlocked country in East Africa, which is located on the shores of Lake Victoria. This bridge is currently the only point of passage connecting the capital Kampala with the east regions of the Nile along the Kenyan border. Supported by a 525 meters long cable, the bridge is expected to cost USD 125 million, including funding from Japan.
5. The North-South Corridor in South Africa
This road of more than 10,000 km and USD 1 billion cost should link eight countries in Southern and Central Africa (From South Africa to Zambia and the DRC, then from Malawi to Botswana). The goal is to strengthen cross-border trade and tourism in the region. Funding could come from the development partners, in addition to the respective governments and the World Bank.
6. Mombasa-Kigali Railway
Isolation and poor infrastructure in some African countries limit their opportunities to reach foreign markets in their export efforts. With about 2,935 km long, the Mombasa-Kigali Railway will connect the port of Mombasa in Kenya with Tanzania, Rwanda and South Sudan coast. It will ease exports of coffee, tea, agricultural products, minerals and machinery.
7. Combined Cycle Turbine of Kudu gas field in Namibia
USD 1.1 billion project, the turbine will operate the Kudu gaz well, a Namibian offshore gas field, located about 150 km northwest of the town of Oranjemund. A plant with a capacity of 800 MW will increase the domestic capacity to reduce imports and the energy gap of the economy. The opening of the first plants is scheduled for 2018.
8. The upgrade of the terminal of the Jomo Kenyatta Airport in Kenya
Competitiveness of Kenya could be affected by the dilapidated airport facilities which is the first contact between the country and business visitor. The upgrade of the airport terminal Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya is one of the solutions to the challenge of the competitiveness of Kenyan products worldwide. Conducted as part of a wider series of infrastructure investment and redevelopment to overcome these obstacles, it will cost about USD 654 million with a capacity to handle 20 million passengers per year.
9. The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) in South Africa
Result of an international collaboration, the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) will build the largest radio telescope in the world, with a collecting area of approximately one square kilometer. With a cost of USD 900 million, SKA is one of the largest scientific initiatives to date, bringing together scientific minds and the most refined techniques of the world. This is the second of its kind in the world, the first block was built and opened since July 9, 2013 at the Murchison Widefield Array in Meekatharra, Western Australia.
10. The Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA)
The Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA) has issued a USD 4.6 billion contract with Alstom, signed in October 2013 to build 600 new trains (3,600 cars) over a period of 10 years.